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趨光性及族群壓力的探討
  • 科展類別 : 臺灣國際科展
  • 屆  次 : 2003年
  • 科  別 : 動物學
  • 得獎情形 :
  • 學校名稱 : 國立臺中第一高級中學
  • 指導老師 : 呂宗信、林文端
  • 作  者 : 王政堯、蘇軒
  • 關 鍵 字 : 趨光性 昆蟲
  • 備  註 :
摘要或動機

The purpose of the research was to find the relationship between the fruit fly’s attraction to light (or heliotaxis) and their genes. Fruit flies, because of their short life span of approximately two weeks, and their simple requirements for survival, are ideal candidates for the study. With a specially designed device "Mi Gong" for the experiments, fruit flies could be separated and cultivated in accordance to their preference to specific wavelengths of light. They received cross-breeding and were studied to learn the ratio of the resulting offspring in their preference to the light. It was observed that the majority of the fruit flies were more attracted to violet light. It was also found that the next generation of the fruit fly inherited higher sensitivity to the light than their parents. Knowing that there could be potential margin of errors in the experiments, the results of the study demonstrated that light, as an external source, had limited impact to heliotaxis of fruit fly. The study suggested that insects with heliotaxis, including fruit fly, inherited heliotaxis in their genes. The study also pointed out the potential benefits of employing heliotaxis in many areas especially in the agricultural development. Furthermore, heliotaxis can be utilized to study the difference in the behavior of nightlife insects before and after the invention of manmade light source.這項研究,主要是在探討果蠅的趨光性和遺傳的關係。很多種昆蟲都具備趨光性,我們之所以以果蠅作實驗,主要是因為其生活週期短,大約兩週,且易於培養。實驗內容是以「迷宮器材」來鑑別果蠅對某一特殊色光的偏好,將該群果蠅分離出來培養,令其繁衍後代,觀察其後代對此一色光偏好的比率,我們所用的果蠅大致上對綠色光較敏感,而其子代的敏感度較親代高。因此,我們推論趨光性會遺傳,且受光影響,但並非全由光影響,故這可能是實驗中的誤差成因。雖然此實驗是以果蠅為對象,但亦可假設其它具趨光性的昆蟲,也可能是因遺傳而導致其子代有趨光性,而我們可利用其趨光的一些特性,減少農作物因害蟲類的果蠅而損失,並且希望可以得知,在人造光源還未出現在世上時,夜行性昆蟲是否有差異。



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